Java keystore import on OSX

Do you want to avoid ‘unable to find valid certification path to requested target’ error message of Java applications on OSX?

Just start my shell script with argument of target site name (example below), restart application and enjoy results…

Example error message:

sun.security.validator.ValidatorException: PKIX path building failed: sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilderException: unable to find valid certification path to requested target

Source of shell script ssl_key_import_mac.sh:

## JAVA SSL Certificate import script for OSX
## by LouiSe@louise.hu : http://louise.hu
##
## Usage: ./ssl_key_import_mac.sh 
##
## Example: ./ssl_key_import_mac.sh mail.google.com (to read certificate from https://mail.google.com)

## Get java cert downloader source
curl http://blogs.sun.com/andreas/resource/InstallCert.java >InstallCert.java

## Compile and start 
javac InstallCert.java
java InstallCert $1:443

## Copy new cert into local JAVA keystore
echo "Please, enter admnistrator password:"
sudo cp jssecacerts /Library/Java/Home/lib/security/

Source of InstallCert.java:

/*
 * Copyright 2006 Sun Microsystems, Inc.  All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 *   - Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 *   - Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *     documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 *   - Neither the name of Sun Microsystems nor the names of its
 *     contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *     from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS
 * IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
 * THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR
 * CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL,
 * EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
 * PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
 * PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
 * NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
 * SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

import java.io.*;
import java.net.URL;

import java.security.*;
import java.security.cert.*;

import javax.net.ssl.*;

public class InstallCert {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
	String host;
	int port;
	char[] passphrase;
	if ((args.length == 1) || (args.length == 2)) {
	    String[] c = args[0].split(":");
	    host = c[0];
	    port = (c.length == 1) ? 443 : Integer.parseInt(c[1]);
	    String p = (args.length == 1) ? "changeit" : args[1];
	    passphrase = p.toCharArray();
	} else {
	    System.out.println("Usage: java InstallCert [:port] [passphrase]");
	    return;
	}

	File file = new File("jssecacerts");
	if (file.isFile() == false) {
	    char SEP = File.separatorChar;
	    File dir = new File(System.getProperty("java.home") + SEP
		    + "lib" + SEP + "security");
	    file = new File(dir, "jssecacerts");
	    if (file.isFile() == false) {
		file = new File(dir, "cacerts");
	    }
	}
	System.out.println("Loading KeyStore " + file + "...");
	InputStream in = new FileInputStream(file);
	KeyStore ks = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType());
	ks.load(in, passphrase);
	in.close();

	SSLContext context = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
	TrustManagerFactory tmf =
	    TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
	tmf.init(ks);
	X509TrustManager defaultTrustManager = (X509TrustManager)tmf.getTrustManagers()[0];
	SavingTrustManager tm = new SavingTrustManager(defaultTrustManager);
	context.init(null, new TrustManager[] {tm}, null);
	SSLSocketFactory factory = context.getSocketFactory();

	System.out.println("Opening connection to " + host + ":" + port + "...");
	SSLSocket socket = (SSLSocket)factory.createSocket(host, port);
	socket.setSoTimeout(10000);
	try {
	    System.out.println("Starting SSL handshake...");
	    socket.startHandshake();
	    socket.close();
	    System.out.println();
	    System.out.println("No errors, certificate is already trusted");
	} catch (SSLException e) {
	    System.out.println();
	    e.printStackTrace(System.out);
	}

	X509Certificate[] chain = tm.chain;
	if (chain == null) {
	    System.out.println("Could not obtain server certificate chain");
	    return;
	}

	BufferedReader reader =
		new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));

	System.out.println();
	System.out.println("Server sent " + chain.length + " certificate(s):");
	System.out.println();
	MessageDigest sha1 = MessageDigest.getInstance("SHA1");
	MessageDigest md5 = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
	for (int i = 0; i < chain.length; i++) {
	    X509Certificate cert = chain[i];
	    System.out.println
	    	(" " + (i + 1) + " Subject " + cert.getSubjectDN());
	    System.out.println("   Issuer  " + cert.getIssuerDN());
	    sha1.update(cert.getEncoded());
	    System.out.println("   sha1    " + toHexString(sha1.digest()));
	    md5.update(cert.getEncoded());
	    System.out.println("   md5     " + toHexString(md5.digest()));
	    System.out.println();
	}

	System.out.println("Enter certificate to add to trusted keystore or 'q' to quit: [1]");
	String line = reader.readLine().trim();
	int k;
	try {
	    k = (line.length() == 0) ? 0 : Integer.parseInt(line) - 1;
	} catch (NumberFormatException e) {
	    System.out.println("KeyStore not changed");
	    return;
	}

	X509Certificate cert = chain[k];
	String alias = host + "-" + (k + 1);
	ks.setCertificateEntry(alias, cert);

	OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream("jssecacerts");
	ks.store(out, passphrase);
	out.close();

	System.out.println();
	System.out.println(cert);
	System.out.println();
	System.out.println
		("Added certificate to keystore 'jssecacerts' using alias '"
		+ alias + "'");
    }

    private static final char[] HEXDIGITS = "0123456789abcdef".toCharArray();

    private static String toHexString(byte[] bytes) {
	StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(bytes.length * 3);
	for (int b : bytes) {
	    b &= 0xff;
	    sb.append(HEXDIGITS[b >> 4]);
	    sb.append(HEXDIGITS[b & 15]);
	    sb.append(' ');
	}
	return sb.toString();
    }

    private static class SavingTrustManager implements X509TrustManager {

	private final X509TrustManager tm;
	private X509Certificate[] chain;

	SavingTrustManager(X509TrustManager tm) {
	    this.tm = tm;
	}

	public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
	    throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
	}

	public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType)
		throws CertificateException {
	    throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
	}

	public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType)
		throws CertificateException {
	    this.chain = chain;
	    tm.checkServerTrusted(chain, authType);
	}
    }

}

TRAC on Mac OSX 10.5+

TRAC on OSX

I released a simple shell script package to build a TRAC environment in 2 minutes on Mac OSX Leopard – without Python hacking – enjoying the easy_install feature of new 0.11 thread!

Download the TRAC-OSX script here.

Installation procedure:

1. Create the base directory /opt/trac

2. Unpack and copy two files (trac_install.sh and trac-digest.py) into /opt/trac directory

3. Start trac_install.sh script from terminal with sudo: sudo trac_install.sh

4. Follow the instructions to generate an example project with example user account

5. Start the generated trac_start.sh script, and enjoy your new TRAC environment!